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authorKen Kellner <ken@kenkellner.com>2017-02-17 19:35:10 (GMT)
committerKen Kellner <ken@kenkellner.com>2017-02-17 19:35:10 (GMT)
commit8db5fbb893f7e1b729f752774a6c51dfae8a0822 (patch)
treea5831ca43c06871a1a82ad54ea0e427b6795ce02
parentadcaa55de9dbd751ec9d19ecf55f120985321244 (diff)
Add figure for Indiana Woodland Steward article and Division of Forestry 2017 talk.
-rw-r--r--figures/figures_iws.R48
-rw-r--r--presentations/talk_dnr2017.tex532
2 files changed, 580 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/figures/figures_iws.R b/figures/figures_iws.R
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..c05949a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/figures/figures_iws.R
@@ -0,0 +1,48 @@
+
+load('output/mu_bird_abun.Rdata')
+load('output/hl_bird_abun.Rdata')
+source('figures/figure_multidens.R')
+source('figures/figure_richness.R')
+source('figures/figure_birddens.R')
+source('figures/figure_resp_summary.R')
+
+#Color palette
+cols.mu = c('black','firebrick1','dodgerblue')
+cols.hl <- c('black','firebrick1','orange','dodgerblue','forestgreen')
+
+par(mgp=c(3,1,0),mar = c(4.5,4.5,1,1) + 0.1,oma=c(0,0,0,0))
+
+
+pdf(file="figures/iws_fig1.pdf",width=6,height=4,pointsize=8)
+
+#postscript("figures/iws_fig1.eps", horizontal = FALSE, onefile = FALSE, paper = "special", height = 4, width = 6,
+# pointsize=8)
+
+par(fig=c(0,0.54,0.45,1),new=FALSE)
+bird.figure('BAWW','mu',color=cols.mu,title=
+ 'Black-and-white Warbler',legendpos='none',legcex=1,
+ extralabels=F,xlab=NULL)
+par(fig=c(0.46,1,0.45,1),new=TRUE)
+bird.figure('HOWA','mu',color=cols.mu,title=
+ 'Hooded Warbler',legendpos='none',legcex=1,
+ extralabels=F,xlab=NULL,ylab="")
+par(fig=c(0,0.54,0,0.55),new=TRUE)
+bird.figure('CERW','mu',color=cols.mu,title=
+ 'Cerulean Warbler',legendpos='topright',legcex=0.9,
+ legend.lwd=1, extralabels=F,xlab="")
+par(fig=c(0.46,1,0,0.55),new=TRUE)
+bird.figure('WEWA','mu',color=cols.mu,title=
+ 'Worm-eating Warbler',legendpos='none',legcex=1,
+ extralabels=F,xlab="",ylab="",cred=F)
+
+dev.off()
+
+pdf(file="figures/iws_fig2.pdf",width=6,height=4,pointsize=12)
+
+postscript("figures/iws_fig2.eps", horizontal = FALSE, onefile = FALSE, paper = "special", height = 4, width = 6,
+ pointsize=12)
+
+richness.figure(scale='mu',figmin=16.5,figmax=29,cols=cols.mu,
+ pchs=17:19,ltys=rep(1,3),xlab="")
+
+dev.off() \ No newline at end of file
diff --git a/presentations/talk_dnr2017.tex b/presentations/talk_dnr2017.tex
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..0830808
--- /dev/null
+++ b/presentations/talk_dnr2017.tex
@@ -0,0 +1,532 @@
+\documentclass{beamer}
+\usetheme{metropolis} % Use metropolis theme
+\title{Experimental forest management at the HEE: \\ Impacts on oak early life history and the bird community}
+\date{February 22, 2017}
+\author{\textbf{Kenneth F. Kellner}}
+\institute{Department of Forestry and Natural Resources, Purdue University}
+\setbeamertemplate{frame footer}{}
+
+\usepackage{animate}
+
+%\definecolor{firebrick}{HTML}{FF3030}
+%\setbeamercolor{progress bar}{fg=firebrick}
+
+\graphicspath{{C:/Users/Ken/Nextcloud/images/}{C:/Users/Ken/Nextcloud/images/cfsubmodel/}}
+
+\begin{document}
+
+\maketitle
+
+ \begin{frame}{Acknowledgments}
+ \begin{columns}
+ \begin{column}{0.48\textwidth}
+ \begin{itemize}
+ \item 40+ technicians
+ \item Rebecca Kalb, Andy Meier, Charlotte Owings
+ \item HEE Executive Committee
+ \item Purdue FNR
+ \item Indiana DNR
+ \item HEE partners
+ \end{itemize}
+ \end{column}
+
+ \begin{column}{0.48\textwidth}
+ \begin{center}
+ \includegraphics[width=0.3\paperwidth]{hee_logo.png}
+
+ \includegraphics[width=0.2\paperwidth]{fnrlogo.png}
+ \includegraphics[width=0.2\paperwidth]{dnrlogo.png}
+ \end{center}
+ \end{column}
+
+ \end{columns}
+
+ \end{frame}
+
+\section{Introduction}
+
+ \begin{frame}{Goals of Forest Management}
+ \begin{itemize}
+ \item Vegetation structure and composition
+ \item Timber production
+ \item Wildlife conservation
+ \item Limiting invasive species
+ \item Recreational use
+ \end{itemize}
+ \bigskip
+ \textbf{Specific examples}
+ \begin{enumerate}
+ \item Oak regeneration
+ \item Conservation of migratory birds
+ \end{enumerate}
+ \end{frame}
+
+ \begin{frame}{Management for Oak Regeneration}
+ \begin{columns}
+ \begin{column}{0.48\textwidth}
+ \begin{center}
+ \textbf{Regeneration Failure}
+
+ \includegraphics[width=0.4\paperwidth]{oakdbh.png}
+ \end{center}
+ \end{column}
+ \begin{column}{0.48\textwidth}
+ \begin{center}
+ \textbf{Silviculture}
+
+ \bigskip
+ \includegraphics[width=0.4\paperwidth]{clearcut.png}
+
+ Even-aged
+
+ \bigskip
+
+ \includegraphics[width=0.4\paperwidth]{singletree.png}
+
+ Uneven-aged
+ \end{center}
+ \end{column}
+ \end{columns}
+ \end{frame}
+
+ \begin{frame}{Hardwood Ecosystem Experiment}
+ \begin{columns}
+ \begin{column}{0.48\textwidth}
+
+ \textbf{Location \& Scale}
+
+ \begin{itemize}
+ \item Southern Indiana, USA
+ \item 3,603 ha study area
+ \item 10 years
+ \end{itemize}
+
+ \textbf{Design}
+
+ \begin{itemize}
+ \item Three management treatments
+ \item Pre- and post-treatment periods
+ \end{itemize}
+
+ \end{column}
+ \begin{column}{0.48\textwidth}
+
+ \fbox{\includegraphics[width=0.35\paperwidth]{hee_area.png}}
+
+ \end{column}
+ \end{columns}
+ \end{frame}
+
+\section{Management Effects on Oak Seedling Growth, Survival, and Herbivory}
+
+ \begin{frame}{Oak Early Life History}
+ \begin{center}
+ \includegraphics[width=0.85\paperwidth]{oak_lifecycle_seedling.png}
+ \end{center}
+ \end{frame}
+
+ \begin{frame}{Research Questions}
+ How does timber harvest affect:
+ \bigskip
+ \begin{itemize}
+ \item Oak seedling \textbf{survival} \& \textbf{growth}
+ \item Relationships with \textbf{competitors}
+ \item Interactions with \textbf{herbivores}
+ \end{itemize}
+ \begin{center}
+ \includegraphics[width=0.85\paperwidth]{clearcut_long.png}
+ \end{center}
+ \end{frame}
+
+ \begin{frame}{Methods - Design}
+ \begin{center}
+ \includegraphics[width=0.85\paperwidth]{oak_seedling_design.png}
+ \end{center}
+ \end{frame}
+
+ %\begin{frame}{Methods - Analysis}
+ % \begin{center}
+ % \includegraphics[width=0.85\paperwidth]{oak_seedling_models.png}
+ % \end{center}
+ %\end{frame}
+
+ \begin{frame}{Seedling Survival}
+ \begin{center}
+ \includegraphics[width=0.85\paperwidth]{seedling_survival.png}
+ \end{center}
+ \end{frame}
+
+ \begin{frame}{Seedling Growth}
+ \begin{center}
+ \includegraphics[width=0.85\paperwidth]{seedling_growth.png}
+ \end{center}
+ \end{frame}
+
+ \begin{frame}{Herbivory Effects}
+ \begin{center}
+ \includegraphics[width=0.85\paperwidth]{herbivory_effects.png}
+ \end{center}
+ \end{frame}
+
+ \begin{frame}{Spatial Variability in Herbivory}
+ \begin{center}
+ \includegraphics[width=0.85\paperwidth]{herbivory_transect.png}
+ \end{center}
+ \end{frame}
+
+ \begin{frame}{Herbivory \& Seedling Height}
+ \begin{center}
+ \includegraphics[width=0.85\paperwidth]{herbivory.png}
+ \end{center}
+ \end{frame}
+
+ \begin{frame}{Competition Effects}
+ \begin{center}
+ \includegraphics[width=0.85\paperwidth]{comp_effects.png}
+ \end{center}
+ \end{frame}
+
+ \begin{frame}{Conclusions}
+ \begin{columns}
+ \begin{column}{0.48\textwidth}
+
+ \begin{itemize}
+ \item Drought meant best conditions for growth became \textbf{worst} conditions for seedling survival
+ \item Competition reduced survival, but also \textbf{herbivory} ("Apparency Hypothesis")
+ \item Provides input data for full model of oak life history
+ \end{itemize}
+
+ \end{column}
+ \begin{column}{0.48\textwidth}
+
+ \fbox{\includegraphics[width=0.35\paperwidth]{bo_survival.png}}
+
+ \end{column}
+ \end{columns}
+ \end{frame}
+
+ \begin{frame}{Oak Early Life History}
+ \begin{center}
+ \includegraphics[width=0.85\paperwidth]{oak_lifecycle.png}
+ \end{center}
+ \end{frame}
+
+ \begin{frame}{SOEL: \textbf{S}imulation of \textbf{O}ak \textbf{E}arly \textbf{L}ife History}
+ \begin{center}
+ \includegraphics[width=0.85\paperwidth]{soel_structure.png}
+ \end{center}
+ \end{frame}
+
+ \begin{frame}{SOEL Visualization}
+
+ \animategraphics[loop,controls,width=\linewidth]{12}{cfsubmodel-}{0}{33}
+
+ \end{frame}
+
+ \begin{frame}{More Information}
+
+ kkellner@purdue.edu
+
+ \bigskip
+
+ \begin{scriptsize}
+ \begin{enumerate}
+ \item Kellner KF and RK Swihart. 2016. Timber harvest and drought interact to impact oak seedling growth and survival in the Central Hardwood Forest. Ecosphere 7: e01473.
+ \item Kellner KF and RK Swihart. 2017. Herbivory on planted oak seedlings across a habitat edge created by timber harvest. Plant Ecology 218: 213-223.
+ \item Kellner KF, Lichti NI, and RK Swihart. 2016. Midstory removal reduces effectiveness of oak (\textit{Quercus}) acorn dispersal by small mammals in the Central Hardwood Forest region. Forest Ecology and Management 375: 182-190.
+ \item Kellner KF, Riegel JK, and RK Swihart. 2014. Effects of silvicultural disturbance on acorn infestation and removal. New Forests 45: 265-281.
+ \item Kellner KF and RK Swihart. \textit{In review}. Simulation of oak early life history and interactions with timber harvest via an individual-based model, SOEL. PLOS ONE.
+ \end{enumerate}
+ \end{scriptsize}
+
+ \end{frame}
+
+\section{Management Effects on Migratory Bird Community}
+
+ \begin{frame}{Bird Conservation in Midwestern U.S.}
+
+ \textbf{Habitat Loss} $\rightarrow$ \textbf{Population Declines}%\textsuperscript{1}
+
+ \begin{itemize}
+ \item Development%\textsuperscript{1}
+ \item Fragmentation
+ \item \textbf{Maturation of existing forest}%\textsuperscript{2}
+ \end{itemize}
+
+ %\bigskip
+ %\textsuperscript{1}\scriptsize{Robbins et al. 1989};
+ %\textsuperscript{2}\scriptsize{Trani et al. 2001}
+
+ \end{frame}
+
+ \begin{frame}{Importance of Early-Successional Habitat}
+ \begin{center}
+ \includegraphics[width=0.8\paperwidth]{clearcut.png}
+ \end{center}
+
+ \begin{itemize}
+ \item \textbf{75\%} of shrubland species declining%\textsuperscript{1}
+ \item \textbf{50\%} of species use young forest habitat%\textsuperscript{2}
+ \end{itemize}
+ %\textsuperscript{1}\scriptsize{Sauer et al. 2013};
+ %\textsuperscript{2}\scriptsize{Probst \& Thompson 1996}
+ \end{frame}
+
+ \begin{frame}{Research Questions}
+
+ How do different forest management approaches impact:
+ \begin{itemize}
+ \item \textbf{Density} of shrubland and mature forest species?
+ \item \textbf{Richness} of the breeding bird community?
+ \item Species of \textbf{conservation concern} in Indiana?
+ \end{itemize}
+
+ \bigskip
+
+ \begin{columns}
+
+ \begin{column}{0.24\textwidth}
+
+ \centering
+ \includegraphics[width=0.15\paperwidth]{blackandwhite_warbler.png}
+
+ \footnotesize Black-and-white Warbler
+
+ \end{column}
+
+ \begin{column}{0.24\textwidth}
+
+ \centering
+ \includegraphics[width=0.15\paperwidth]{hooded_warbler.png}
+
+ \footnotesize Hooded Warbler
+
+ \end{column}
+
+ \begin{column}{0.24\textwidth}
+
+ \centering
+
+ \includegraphics[width=0.15\paperwidth]{cerulean_warbler.png}
+
+ \footnotesize Cerulean Warbler
+
+ \end{column}
+
+ \begin{column}{0.24\textwidth}
+
+ \centering
+
+ \includegraphics[width=0.15\paperwidth]{worm_eating_warbler.png}
+
+ \footnotesize Worm-eating Warbler
+
+ \end{column}
+
+
+
+ \end{columns}
+
+ \end{frame}
+
+%\section{Methods}
+
+
+ \begin{frame}{Methods}
+ \begin{columns}
+ \begin{column}{0.42\textwidth}
+
+ \textbf{Management Treatments}
+
+ \begin{itemize}
+ \item \textbf{Even-Aged}: Clearcuts \& Shelterwoods
+ \item \textbf{Uneven-Aged}: Patch Cuts \& Single-tree Selection
+ \end{itemize}
+
+ \textbf{Bird Surveys}
+
+ \begin{itemize}
+ \item 240 survey points
+ \item 10 min counts 2x/year
+ \end{itemize}
+
+ \end{column}
+ \begin{column}{0.56\textwidth}
+
+ \fbox{\includegraphics[width=0.45\paperwidth]{hee_cores.png}}
+
+ \end{column}
+ \end{columns}
+ \end{frame}
+
+ \begin{frame}{Analysis: Before-After Control-Impact}
+ \begin{center}
+
+ \includegraphics[width=0.85\paperwidth]{baci.png}
+ \end{center}
+ \end{frame}
+
+
+ \begin{frame}{Analysis: Scales}
+ \begin{center}
+ \includegraphics[width=0.85\paperwidth]{hee_scales.png}
+
+ \bigskip
+
+ Separate multispecies $N$-mixture models fit for each scale
+ \end{center}
+ \end{frame}
+
+%\section{Results}
+
+ \begin{frame}{Summary}
+ \begin{itemize}
+ \item \textbf{4,272} surveys conducted by \textbf{45} technicians over \textbf{10} years
+ \item \textbf{45,799} birds of \textbf{65} species detected
+ \item Most commonly detected species:
+ \end{itemize}
+
+ \bigskip
+
+ \begin{columns}
+ \begin{column}{0.3\textwidth}
+ \begin{center}
+ \includegraphics[width=0.2\paperwidth]{red_eyed_vireo.png}
+
+ Red-eyed Vireo (\textit{n}=6963)
+ \end{center}
+ \end{column}
+ \begin{column}{0.3\textwidth}
+ \begin{center}
+ \includegraphics[width=0.2\paperwidth]{acadian_flycatcher.png}
+
+ Acadian Flycatcher (\textit{n}=4115)
+ \end{center}
+ \end{column}
+ \begin{column}{0.3\textwidth}
+ \begin{center}
+ \includegraphics[width=0.2\paperwidth]{worm_eating_warbler.png}
+
+ Worm-eating Warbler (\textit{n}=3484)
+ \end{center}
+ \end{column}
+ \end{columns}
+
+ \end{frame}
+
+
+ \begin{frame}{Species Responses - Management Unit Scale}
+ \begin{center}
+ \includegraphics[width=0.85\paperwidth]{mu_resp.png}
+ \end{center}
+ \end{frame}
+
+ \begin{frame}{Richness - Management Unit Scale}
+ \begin{center}
+ \includegraphics[width=0.85\paperwidth]{mu_rich.png}
+ \end{center}
+ \end{frame}
+
+
+ \begin{frame}{Species Responses - Harvest Scale}
+ \begin{center}
+ \includegraphics[width=0.85\paperwidth]{hl_resp.png}
+ \end{center}
+ \end{frame}
+
+ \begin{frame}{Richness - Harvest Scale}
+ \begin{center}
+ \includegraphics[width=0.85\paperwidth]{hl_rich.png}
+ \end{center}
+ \end{frame}
+
+
+\begin{frame}{Focal Species - Harvest Scale}
+ \begin{center}
+ \includegraphics[width=0.85\paperwidth]{focal_hl.png}
+ \end{center}
+\end{frame}
+
+
+%\section{Conclusions}
+
+ \begin{frame}{Conclusions}
+ \begin{itemize}
+ \item \textbf{Habitat diversity} impacted bird community responses
+ \begin{itemize}
+ \item Richness higher in both management treatments (16-19\%), highest in uneven-aged sites
+ \item Effects buffered at management unit scale
+ \end{itemize}
+ \bigskip
+ \item Complex effects of \textbf{opening size}
+ \begin{itemize}
+ \item Greatest number of species impacted by 0.4-2 ha openings
+ \item Richness maximized in clearcut openings (4 ha)
+ \item Minimal impact of single-tree selection
+ \end{itemize}
+ \end{itemize}
+ \end{frame}
+
+ \begin{frame}{Conclusions}
+ \begin{itemize}
+ \item \textbf{Shrubland/edge birds}: consistent responses
+ \begin{itemize}
+ \item Large, immediate increases following harvest
+ \item Slow decline as density of harvested plots increases
+ \end{itemize}
+ \bigskip
+ \item \textbf{Mature-forest birds}: inconsistent response
+ \begin{itemize}
+ \item Declines (e.g. Worm-eating Warbler) and increases (e.g. Cerulean Warbler)
+ \item Post-harvest, mature forest birds remained abundant
+ \item Importance of multiple sampling approaches
+ \end{itemize}
+ \end{itemize}
+ \end{frame}
+
+ \begin{frame}{Current Research: Mist-Netting in Clearcuts}
+ \begin{center}
+ \includegraphics[width=0.85\paperwidth]{mistnet_counts.png}
+ \end{center}
+ \end{frame}
+
+ \begin{frame}{Current Research: Food Resources in Clearcuts}
+ \begin{center}
+ \includegraphics[width=0.75\paperwidth]{rubus_scta.png}
+ \end{center}
+ \end{frame}
+
+ \begin{frame}{Current Research: Habitat Structure}
+
+ \begin{columns}
+ \begin{column}{0.43\paperwidth}
+ \begin{center}
+ \includegraphics[width=0.45\paperwidth]{bird_veg_maps.png}
+ \end{center}
+ \end{column}
+ \begin{column}{0.43\paperwidth}
+ \begin{center}
+ \includegraphics[width=0.45\paperwidth]{bird_hab_maps.png}
+ \end{center}
+ \end{column}
+ \end{columns}
+ \end{frame}
+
+ \begin{frame}{More Information}
+
+ kkellner@purdue.edu
+
+ \bigskip
+
+ \begin{scriptsize}
+ \begin{enumerate}
+ \item Kellner KF, Ruhl PJ, Dunning JB, Riegel JK, and RK Swihart. 2016. Multi-scale responses of breeding birds to experimental forest management in Indiana, USA. Forest Ecology and Management 382: 64-75.
+ \item Kellner KF, Ruhl PJ, Dunning JB, and RK Swihart. \textit{In prep}. Local-scale forest habitat effects on breeding bird abundance and community composition in a managed forest in Indiana, USA. Wilson Journal of Ornithology.
+ \item Kellner KF, Ruhl PJ, Dunning JB, and RK Swihart. 2017. Managing forests for birds in Indiana. Indiana Woodland Steward 25: 7-8.
+
+ \end{enumerate}
+ \end{scriptsize}
+
+ \end{frame}
+
+\end{document} \ No newline at end of file